Tag: rake

Clear memcached without restart with Ruby and Capistrano (Rake task)

After successful Capistrano update (cap deploy) if we use Memcached - we should clear it. How can we do it without root access to the server? There are two ways to clear memcached without restarting it:

  • Memcached command: flush_all
  • Rails.cache.clear

One flush to rule them all - flush_all

If we have a dedicated server with one application on it - we can clear whole memcached memory, to do so, we create a rake task (/lib/tasks/memcached.rake):

require 'socket'

namespace :memcached do
  desc 'Flushes whole memcached local instance'
  task :flush do
    server  = '127.0.0.1'
    port    = 11211
    command = "flush_all\r\n"

    socket = TCPSocket.new(server, port)
    socket.write(command)
    result = socket.recv(2)

    if result != 'OK'
      STDERR.puts "Error flushing memcached: #{result}"
    end

    socket.close
  end
end

Usage:

bundle exec rake memcached:flush

It is worth mentioning, that this task doesn't require the Rails environment to be loaded. If it goes about the server address and port - you can always modify it so it will accept the env settings instead of hardcoding it.

Be aware, that this command will clear out all the data that is stored in Memcached instance, even the data that was used by other applications (other than our). If you want to clear out data used by one of many apps that are using same Memcached server, see the solution presented below.

Clearing single Rails app memcached data - Rails.cache.clear

Apart from flushing all the data that is in Memcached, we can always clear only the Rails cache by creating a really simple rake task (/lib/tasks/memcached.rake):

namespace :memcached do
  desc 'Clears the Rails cache'
  task :flush => :environment do
    Rails.cache.clear
  end
end

The execution process is exactly like in the previous case:

bundle exec rake memcached:flush

In this Rake task we do load the Rails environment (because we want to use Rails.cache instance). In multi application environment, this Memcached cleaning method seems way better because we work with our application scope only.

Capistrano task for clearing Memcached

So we have our rake task, but it would mean nothing without a Capistrano hookup:

namespace :memcached do

  desc "Flushes memcached local instance"
  task :flush, :roles => [:app] do
    run("cd #{current_path} && rake memcached:flush")
  end

end

Now we can use it like this:

bundle exec cap memcached:flush

Or we can hookup it to update process:

after 'deploy:update' do
  memcached.flush
end

Handling large seed files in Ruby on Rails

Sometimes seed files can get messy and big. It can be real pain it the ass to manage them. Here is fast way to split single seeds.rb file:

  1. Create directory called seeds in your db/ directory (mkdir ./db/seeds)
  2. Remove all stuff from seeds.rb and move it into your newly created files under db/seeds/ directory (put them accordingly to your own app logic)
  3. Paste code presented below into seeds.rb file
  4. Run rake db:seed

Seeds.rb file source code:

# coding: utf-8

%w{
  filename1 filename2 filename3...filenameN
}.each do |part|
  require File.expand_path(File.dirname(__FILE__))+"/seeds/#{part}.rb"
end

Why haven't I use auto-include and instead I've listed all the files? Well I wanted to maintain my seed parts load order so those parts will be loaded accordingly to my order (not based on file names).

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