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Tag: openssl (page 1 of 4)

Ruby 2.5.0 upgrade remarks

There’s a lot of articles already on the new shiny features of Ruby 2.5.0. But here are some problems and challenges you may encounter during the upgrade process.

Devise SyntaxError

Note: Devise team already fixed this one with the new Devise release.

If you encounter this error:

SyntaxError: /.../devise-3.5.5/app/controllers/devise/sessions_controller.rb:5: syntax error, unexpected '{', expecting keyword_end
...ter only: [:create, :destroy] { request.env["devise.skip_tim...
...                              ^

the only thing you can do for now, is to edit the devise/sessions_controller.rb in your Devise local location and change:

prepend_before_filter only: [:create, :destroy] { request.env["devise.skip_timeout"] = true }

to (note the brackets):

prepend_before_filter(only: [:create, :destroy]) { request.env["devise.skip_timeout"] = true }

Note: to determine your local Devise path, use following command:

bundle show devise

Probably in few days, there will be a Devise gem release that will fix that for RubyGems as well.

ActionCable Argument Error

If you use ActionCable, then it is a good to postpone the upgrade until this issue is fixed and the upgraded version of ActionCable has been released.

#<Thread:0x00007fbb44c01b90@/Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:73 run> terminated with exception (report_on_exception is true):
Traceback (most recent call last):
	5: from /Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:73:in `block (2 levels) in spawn'
	4: from /Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:84:in `run'
	3: from /Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:84:in `loop'
	2: from /Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:94:in `block in run'
	1: from /Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:94:in `select'
/Users/petercopter/.rbenv/versions/2.5.0-rc1/lib/ruby/gems/2.5.0/gems/actioncable-5.1.4/lib/action_cable/connection/stream_event_loop.rb:94:in `lock': wrong number of arguments (given 283856384, expected 0) (ArgumentError)
WebSocket error occurred: Broken pipe

OpenSSL problem

SecureRandom now prefers OS-provided sources over OpenSSL. It also means, that OpenSSL is not required by default, so if you use it in a gem, you will have to add:

require 'openssl'

or you will end up with an error like this one:

NameError:
  uninitialized constant OpenSSL
  Did you mean?  Open3

Travis does not yet support 2.5.0

Note: Travis already fixed this one.

If you manage a multi-ruby version library, don’t update Travis yet unless you want to compile Ruby yourself. If you list 2.5.0 as one of the versions, Travis will pick the preview1 instead of the final release and you might end up with an error similar to this one:

Traceback (most recent call last):
	1: from /home/travis/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.0-preview1@global/bin/ruby_executable_hooks:15:in `<main>'
/home/travis/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.5.0-preview1@global/bin/ruby_executable_hooks:15:in `eval': /home/travis/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.5.0-preview1/bin/bundle:4: syntax error, unexpected tSTRING_BEG, expecting keyword_do or '{' or '(' (SyntaxError)
exec "$bindir/ruby" -x "$0" "$@"
                       ^
/home/travis/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.5.0-preview1/bin/bundle:9: syntax error, unexpected keyword_do_block, expecting end-of-input
Signal.trap("INT") do
                   ^~

yield_self as an incompatibility

Again, if you are a maintained of a multi-ruby version library, don’t forget to backport the yield_self into your code-base if you are planning to use it:

class Object
  def yield_self(*args)
    yield(self, *args)
  end
end

Dir::Tmpname#make_tmpname is no longer available

If you use Dir::Tmpname#make_tmpname, it is no longer available. Long story short: you need to generate unique names on your own. Click here to see how Rails core team did it.

Summary

There aren’t many problems with 2.5.0. All of the things that I’ve encountered are either easy to fix or things that will disappear after few weeks of an adoption time. Long live Ruby core team! :)

Credits

Cover photo by: Victoria Pickering on Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0) license. Changes made: added an overlay layer with an article title on top of the original picture.

Errbit + HTTPS: Setting up Errbit reporter (Airbrake v5 gem) to work with self-signed HTTPS certificate

Note: If you’re using old Errbit version (0.2.0, 0.4.0) and an old Airbrake version (v4) please refer to this manual to make it work with self-signed certificates.

Having an error catcher like Errbit behind SSL is generally a good idea. Especially when Errbit is hosted on a different server than you application (for example when you manage multiple apps with one Errbit instance). In many cases you will have a self-signed certificate (why would you pay for a cert for internal tool). If you try to use it with Airbrake, you will see following error:

Airbrake:
  HTTP error: SSL_connect returned=1 errno=0 state=unknown state: certificate verify failed

Unfortunately, global SSL certificates verification disabling hack (solution that used to work with Airbrake notifier v4) won’t work:

# No longer working!
OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_PEER = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE

Luckily, Airbrake notifier is written pretty well, so hacking it (and disabling per request SSL certificate verification) is not hard at all. Here’s a full code you need to place in config/initializers/errbit.rb to make it work:

module Patches
  module Airbrake
    module SyncSender
      def build_https(uri)
        super.tap do |req|
          req.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE
        end
      end
    end
  end
end

Airbrake::SyncSender.prepend(::Patches::Airbrake::SyncSender)

After that (and configuring Airbrake notifier), you can test it out like this:

Airbrake.notify :test
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