Running with Ruby

Tag: Mongo (page 1 of 7)

Mongoid (MongoDB) has_many/belongs_to relation and wrong index being picked

Sometimes when you have a belongs_to relations, you may notice, that getting an owner object can be really slow. Even if you add index like this:

class Activity
  include Mongoid::Document
  include Mongoid::Timestamps
  include Mongoid::Attributes::Dynamic
  belongs_to :person

  index({ person_id: 1 }, background: true)

Mongoid might not catch it. Unfortunately you can’t just explain it, since this relation is returning an object not a Mongoid::Criteria. Luckily you can just hook up to your slow-log and grep for it (or you can just benchmark it). Either way, if you notice that it’s not using index as it should, first declare it the way it should be declared:

class Activity
  include Mongoid::Document
  include Mongoid::Timestamps
  include Mongoid::Attributes::Dynamic
  belongs_to :person, index: true

If you already had an index on a person_id, you don’t need to recreate it. It should use it out of the box. If it doesn’t help, you can always use explain to overwrite the default finder method for this relation:

class Activity
  include Mongoid::Document
  include Mongoid::Timestamps
  include Mongoid::Attributes::Dynamic
  belongs_to :person, index: true

  def person
    # Here in explain you need to provide index name
    @person ||= Person.hint('person_id_1').find_by(person_id: person_id)

Note: this post might be somehow related to this issue.

MongoDB monitoring with Munin – Setting up Munin to work with MongoDB

To monitor MongoDB you can use many tools, some like MongoDB Management Service (MMS) are cloud based, some like Munin might be installed locally.

Today we will focus on setting up Munin to monitor MongoDB.

Getting started with Munin

If you don’t know what Munin is, or how to install it on your platform, please refer to following articles:

This is not a tutorial on how to install Munin itself. I assume that from this point, you have Munin and Munin-node running on your system and that you see basic Munin stats charts.

MongoDB configuration

MongoDB provides a simple http interface listing information of interest to administrators. This interface may be accessed at the port with a numeric value 1000 more than the configured mongod port. The default port for the http interface is 28017 (description copy-pasted from here). By default it is not enabled but it is required by Munin MongoDB plugins, so we need to turn it on.

Warning! Keep in mind, that if you don’t block it, it will listed on your public interface and it will be accessible by default from internet. Please use iptables to make it work only from localhost.

To enable it, edit your /etc/mongod.conf file, find httpinterface line and uncomment it (or set to true if set to false):

# vim /etc/mongod.conf
# Enable the HTTP interface (Defaults to port 28017).

httpinterface = true

After that you need to restart MongoDB:

# As a root or using sudo
/etc/init.d/mongod restart

[ ok ] Restarting database: mongod.

To test it, open http://localhost:28017/ (remember to replace localhost with your server host). You should see page similar to this one:


Installing Munin MongoDB plugins

Some of those plugins won’t work out of the box, but we will take care of that later. For now let’s focus on the install process:

# as a root or using sudo
git clone git:// ~/mongo-munin
cd ~/mongo-munin

# We copy all the plugins into munin plugins
cp mongo_* /usr/share/munin/plugins/

# We need to activate them now
ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_btree /etc/munin/plugins/
ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_conn /etc/munin/plugins/
ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_lock /etc/munin/plugins/
ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_mem /etc/munin/plugins/
ln -s /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_ops /etc/munin/plugins/

cd ~
# We don't need this anymore
rm -rf mongo-munin

# Restarting munin-node...
/etc/init.d/munin-node restart

After restarting munin-node and waiting few minutes, we should have a new section in your munin web ui (mongodb). Part of the graphs won’t display any data, but you should at least see the mongodb section.


Debugging and fixing Munin MongoDB broken plugins

Some of the plugins (like mongo_lock) won’t work without a little tuneup. If you see graphs similar to this (without any data and -nan everywhere), then most likely those plugins aren’t working.


To check each of the plugins, you need to run munin-run with appropriate plugin name (as root):


# munin-run mongo_btree
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/etc/munin/plugins/mongo_btree", line 61, in <module>
  File "/etc/munin/plugins/mongo_btree", line 35, in doData
    for k,v in get().iteritems():
  File "/etc/munin/plugins/mongo_btree", line 32, in get
    return getServerStatus()["indexCounters"]["btree"]
KeyError: 'btree'


# munin-run mongo_conn
connections.value 0


# munin-run mongo_lock
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/etc/munin/plugins/mongo_lock", line 54, in <module>
  File "/etc/munin/plugins/mongo_lock", line 34, in doData
    print name + ".value " + str( 100 * getServerStatus()["globalLock"]["ratio"] )
KeyError: 'ratio'


# munin-run mongo_mem
resident.value 37748736
virtual.value 376438784
mapped.value 83886080


# munin-run mongo_ops
getmore.value 0
insert.value 1
update.value 0
command.value 1
query.value 53
delete.value 0

Errors summary

Based on the plugins output, we can see, that 2 out of 5 plugins aren’t working:

  • mongo_btree
  • mongo_lock

They aren’t working because the MongoDB HTTP interface response slightly differs from what it used to be when the plugins were developed.

Patching mongo_btree plugin

Apply following patch to /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_btree:

@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@ def getServerStatus():
     return json.loads( raw )["serverStatus"]
 def get():
-    return getServerStatus()["indexCounters"]["btree"]
+    return getServerStatus()["indexCounters"]
 def doData():
     for k,v in get().iteritems():

After patching, execute munin-run mongo_btree:

# munin-run mongo_btree
missRatio.value 0
resets.value 0
hits.value 2
misses.value 0
accesses.value 2

Patching mongo_lock plugin

Apply following patch to /usr/share/munin/plugins/mongo_lock:

@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ def getServerStatus():
 name = "locked"
 def doData():
-    print name + ".value " + str( 100 * getServerStatus()["globalLock"]["ratio"] )
+    print name + ".value " + str( 100 * round(float(getServerStatus()["globalLock"]["lockTime"]["$numberLong"])/float(getServerStatus()["globalLock"]["totalTime"]["$numberLong"]), 8) )
 def doConfig():

After patching, execute munin-run mongo_lock:

# munin-run mongo_lock
locked.value 0.000785

After that (and few minutes) all of the stats should be working.


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